 1. Stoichiometry and General Concepts:
Percent composition, empirical formulas, balancing equations, moles and molecular formulas, molar mass, density, and calculations from balanced equations
 2. Gases:
Kinetic molecular theory of gases, Dalton's, Boyle's, Charles’s, and ideal gas law
 3. Liquids and Solids:
Intermolecular forces, phase changes, vaporpressure, structures, polarity, and properties
 4. Solutions:
Polarity, properties (colligative, noncolligative), forces, and concentration calculations
 5. Acids and Bases:
pH, strength, BrønstedLowry reactions, and calculations
 6. Chemical Equilibria:
Molecular, acid/ base, precipitation, calculations, and Le Chatelier’s principle.
 7. Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry:
Laws of thermodynamics, Hess’s law, spontaneity, enthalpies and entropies, and heat transfer

 8. Chemical Kinetics:
Rate laws, activation energy, and halflife
 9. OxidationReduction Reactions:
Balancing equations, determination of oxidation numbers, electrochemical calculations, and electrochemical concepts and terminology
 10. Atomic and Molecular Structure:
Electron configuration, orbital types, LewisDot diagrams, atomic theory, quantum theory, molecular geometry, bond types, and subatomic particles
 11. Periodic Properties:
Representative elements, transition elements, periodic trends, and descriptive chemistry
 12. Nuclear Reactions:
Balancing equations, binding energy, decay processes, particles, and terminology
 13. Laboratory:
Basic techniques, equipment, error analysis, safety, and data analysis
